In – résumé and a few Bible texts

The translation of the little Greek words ‘en’ and ‘eis’ is studied in detail in:

  • Word study of the little Greek words epi, en, eis.

This is elaborated further in the studies:

There are more texts that acquire a deeper meaning, if the translation of ‘en’ and ‘eis’ is interpreted in the correct manner.
It is not possible, however, to discuss all these texts in detail.
Some of them are mentioned below for reflection.

Prior explanation.

In the texts below we are mostly considering the interpretation of the little Greek word ‘en’ that is translated ‘with’ or ‘through’.
In one single case the little word ‘eis’, which is translated in different ways, is mentioned.

These are not necessarily incorrect translations, but the interpretation according to the meaning of the Greek ‘en’ and ‘eis’ is not always done justice to in the text.
This is the reason for a short prior explanation.

Destinction between ‘by’ and ‘in’.
If someone cycles home and is caught in a shower of rain on the way this person will get wet ‘by’ the rain.
He or she got wet by the rain, as external cause.
This person only got wet ‘by’ the rain because he/she cycled ‘in’ the rain.

That is the meaning of the little Greek word ‘en’, which means ‘in’:

  • in, the place where the action takes place.


In the Bible the little Greek word ’en’ is often translated as ‘with’, or ‘through’, as in: with or through Jesus Christ, with or through the Holy Spirit.
Jesus and the Holy Spirit are not outside advisors however.
Someone who is pursuing his own way through life and expecting things to really change with or through Jesus Christ, with or through the Holy Spirit, who are standing outside his life, could become disappointed if They do not fulfil the expectations.

In view of the fact that ‘en’ indicates the place of the event, ‘with’ or ‘through’ could be better replaced by ‘in’ Jesus Christ and ‘in’ the Holy Spirit.
Just as no one can get wet by the rain if they are not standing in the rain, in the same way a disciple of Jesus will not experience the fullness of life with Jesus to the full if he/she does not live in Jesus, for:

Therefore, if anyone is in (en) Christ, the new creation has come: The old has gone, the new is here!   (2 Corinthians 5:17)

What it means to be ‘in’ Jesus or ‘in’ the Holy Spirit:

Jesus is the reason why anyone receives forgiveness of sins and a new life, through (Greek ‘dia’ = through) faith/trust in (eis = into) Him.
However, He expects whoever comes to faith/trust in (eis) Him to become a disciple of Him.
Being a disciple of Jesus: is living in Him, so that Jesus might live in the disciple.

Living in Jesus is:

  • living in a relationship with Him
  • submitting oneself to the rule and the authority of Jesus
    (Jesus on the throne of one’s life)
  • accepting Jesus as the Truth, as ‘the Living Word’
  • recognising the Bible as the Word of God inspired by the Holy Spirit
  • living with an attitude of the heart that is directed towards the Triune God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit

Explanation for the reading of the texts below:
Bear in mind when reading and considering the texts below that:

  • this is not about ‘correct’ English
  • but about a deeper understanding of the message in the text
  • the Greek ‘en’, translated as ‘in’, indicates the place of the action
  • in (en) the name of Jesus means: in the authority of Jesus
  • the Greek ‘eis’ translated as ‘into’, indicates movement into the place where the action takes place.


Matthew 22:37 – Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with (in) all your heart and with (in) all your soul and with (in) all your mind.’

Mark 9:1 – And he said to them, “Truly I tell you, some who are standing here will not taste death before they see that the kingdom of God has come with (in) power.”

Mark 9:29 –  He replied, “This kind can come out only by (in) prayer.

Luke 2:27 – Moved by (in) the Spirit, he (Simeon) went into (Greek: eis) the temple courts.

Luke 4:1 – Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, left the Jordan and was led by (in) the Spirit into (Greek: eis) the wilderness, …

John 15:4-7 – (Jesus said:) Remain in me, as I also remain in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me. “I am the vine; you are the branches. If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. If you do not remain in me, you are like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into (Greek: eis) the fire and burned.

John 17:17 – Sanctify them by (in) the truth; your word is truth.

Acts 4:7 – They had Peter and John brought before them and began to question them: “By (In) what power or what name did you do this?”

Acts 13:39 – Through him everyone who believes is set free from every sin, a justification you were not able to obtain under (in) the law of Moses.

Acts 20:28 – Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of (in) which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers.

Romans 1:9 – God, whom I serve in my spirit in preaching the gospel of his Son, is my witness how constantly I remember you …

Romans 1:25 – They exchanged the truth about God for (in) a lie, and worshiped and served created things rather than the Creator – who is forever praised. Amen.

Romans 8:15 – The Spirit you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again; rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship. And by (in) him we cry, “Abba, Father.”

Romans 12:21 – Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with (in) good.

Romans 14:17 – For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking, but of righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.

Romans 15:29 – I know that when I come to you, I will come in the full measure of the blessing of Christ.

1 Corinthians 3:13 – …  their work will be shown for what it is, because the Day will bring it to light. It will be revealed with (in) fire, and the fire will test the quality of each person’s work.

1 Corinthians 6:11 – And that is what some of you were. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by (in) the Spirit of our God.

1 Corinthians 6:20 – … you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with (in) your bodies.

1 Corinthians 12:3 – Therefore I want you to know that no one who is speaking by (in) the Spirit of God says, “Jesus be cursed,” and no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by (in) the Holy Spirit.

1 Corinthians 12:9 – … to another faith by (in) the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by (in) that one Spirit, …

1 Corinthians 12:13 – For we were all baptized by (in) one Spirit so as to (into) form one body …

2 Corinthians 1:20 – For no matter how many promises God has made, they are “Yes” in Christ. And so through (in) him the “Amen” is spoken by us to the glory of God.

Galatians 2:20 – I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by (in) faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.

Galatians 3:11 – Clearly no one who relies on (in) the law is justified before God, because “the righteous will live by faith.”

Ephesians 2:13 – But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far away have been brought near by (in) the blood of Christ.

Ephesians 3:12 – In him and through faith in him we may approach God with (in) freedom and confidence.

Ephesians 4:3 – Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through (in) the bond of peace.

Ephesians 4:30 – And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with (in) whom you were sealed for (into) the day of redemption.

Ephesians 5:19 – … speaking to one another with psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit. Sing and make music from (in) your heart to the Lord, …

Ephesians 5:26 – … to make her holy, cleansing her by (in) the washing with water through the word, …

Ephesians 6:15 – … and with your feet fitted with (in) the readiness that comes from the gospel of peace.

Ephesians 6:16 – In addition to all this, take up the shield of faith, with (in) which you can extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one.

Colossians 1:11 – … being strengthened with (in) all power according to his glorious might so that you may have (into) great endurance and patience, …

2 Timothy 4:2 – Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage – with (in) great patience and careful instruction.

Hebrews 10:19 – Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by (in) the blood of Jesus, …

1 Peter 1:12 –  It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves but you, when they spoke of the things that have now been told you by those who have preached the gospel to you by (in) the Holy Spirit sent from heaven. Even angels long to look into these things.

1 Peter 1:22 – Now that you have purified yourselves by (in) obeying the truth so that you have (into) sincere love for each other, love one another deeply, from the heart.

2 Peter 1:2 – Grace and peace be yours in abundance through (in) the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.

2 Peter 1:5-7 – For this very reason, make every effort to add to (in) your faith goodness; and to (in) goodness, knowledge; and to (in) knowledge, self-control; and to (in) self-control, perseverance; and to (in) perseverance, godliness; and to (in) godliness, mutual affection; and to (in) mutual affection, love.

Revelation 1:5 – …  and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by (in) his blood, …

God, the Father, the Creator of the universe, bless you in your life in Jesus Christ, the Lord.


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In – résumé and a few Bible texts.